Guru Gobind Singh raised a nation of death-defying saint soldiers, whom he called the Khalsa, out of people who had been slaves for over a thousand years. He gave Khalsa, the spirit of Chardikala, or unwavering courage, spirituality and optimism even in face of impossible odds. Further, he delegated the authority of the Guru to the five faithful when he declared that wherever there is Khalsa, Guru is there.
Guru Gobind Singh was a patron of music, learning, and poetry. He was a wonderful poet himself. He wrote poems of inspiration, devotion, defiance, heroism and of faith in only One God. His works include an autobiography, an epistle of victory he sent to Emperor Aurangzeb who was thirsty for his blood, and several Hindu mythological stories that he rewrote to depict the martial spirit of its heroes.
Guru Gobind Singh believed and taught what all the previous Sikh Gurus had believed and taught. He continued the moral, spiritual, and social reforms started by Guru Nanak. Like the previous Gurus, he asked his followers to fight against evil and tyranny, to always do what was right, and to support the righteous. However, he told his followers that when all other means fail to maintain justice, it is then right to pick up the sword and fight.
Before Guru Gobind Singh left his mortal frame, he installed the holy Guru Granth Sahib as the permanent Guru of the Sikhs, thus ending the line of human Gurus.
I was in deep meditation, God sent me to this world with the following words: “I glorify you as my son, I created you for propagation of the Panth (the Sikh path). Go and spread dharma (divine order), and prevent people from committing evil.”
— Guru Gobind Singh in Bachitar Naatak.
Volume 1 covers the period from his birth through the age of 18.